The Mexican gray wolf once roamed throughout most of New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and Mexico. Persecution and, eventually, poisoning began shortly after European settlement. On March 29, 1998, eleven captive-reared wolves were released into the Blue Range Wolf Recovery Area. This reintroduced population is shared by New Mexico and Arizona. Main prey for wolves there are elk, deer and domestic livestock. Much controversy surrounds these wolves, due in large part to depredation (killing livestock) issues. Wolves in New Mexico range in less than 5 percent of the map shown. Range lines are not depicted.
Species Common Name: gray wolf, maicoh (Navajo), tasha (Caddo), lobo (Spanish) Latin Name: Canis lupus
Subspecies 2 Common Name: Mexican wolf Latin Name: Canis lupus baileyi
Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status Number of wolves: Shared population of 75 with Arizona (2012) Population trend: Slightly decreasing Legal status: Federal protection, with some exceptions
Vimeo Video on the Mexican Gray Wolf (a layperson summary of the recent history of the wolf, its relationship to
the human population, the wolf’s effect on the Rocky Mountain Elk and
sheep and the practice of fladry fencing. Included are interviews with
volunteers stating their purpose and perspectives as well as an
interview with a representative from the Arizona Game and Fish.)
Visit the USDA APHIS Wildlife Services
site for information on how the federal government manages depredating
wildlife, resolves conflict between wildlife and humans and for contact
information by state.
Wolf Reintroduction Project facts for
outfitters, guides and forest visitors,